In my outlook, I suggested an early year “volatility event” would cause a small correction. It didn’t matter what the volatility was. The market has been looking for a reason to lower valuations.
On January 23rd, I stated on my Twitter feed that Coronavirus “is actually the most important story in the world…” The Coronavirus Covid-19 outbreak has become the volatility event that is driving a necessary stock market correction.
For many investors, the urge is to buy the dip here. That is a bad idea. The stock market has a long way to fall sometime this year.
A better strategy is to reassess you risk tolerance and accept that valuations matter. Ultimately, you should be selling the rips on the very disrupted S&P 500 ETFs (SPY) (VOO), or rallies, in an attempt to bring your cash levels up temporarily. You will get opportunities to buy back into equities at lower valuations in coming quarters.
I have covered for members of Margin of Safety Investing for months now that stock market valuations are very high. A single digit percentage stock market correction has not changed that.
An argument is made that because interest rates are low, the stock market can sustain higher valuations. I would agree that is true, however, to what degree should be asked. Should the stock market be the third most highly valued in history?
The chart above shows that despite low interest rates heading towards zero, corporate profits haven’t been growing much the past several years. What we have hit with low interest rates is a period of diminishing marginal returns.
Given that the stock market is a forward looking projector, what happens when lower interest rates or monetary stimulus can not push corporate profits higher? What happens when businesses simply can not borrow more for almost free to improve profitability via production or share buybacks? Clearly that challenge is already manifesting.
Q Ratio & Creative Destruction
If you believe that a stock represents the value of an underlying business, I point you to the Q Ratio. That is total market cap divided by its replacement cost. Essentially, if you are business person, here is when you ask: should I make an investment in the stock of a business or should I simply start a competing business?
The obvious answer for a business person seeing these valuations is to start a business and compete, rather than buy highly priced stock. What do we know happens when more competition is introduced to a market? Prices fall.
I understand this is a simplistic way of looking at this. We are not going to see thousands of new businesses sprout up to compete, but, we are seeing some. And, these new businesses are in fact disruptive of many of the older businesses.
Consider the concepts of creative destruction. Think about the Unicorns and all the disruption industries are seeing from tech innovation. At some level, perhaps how entrepreneurs get financing, high valuations are in fact encouraging competition to established players already in the market. That can’t be good for many companies or their stock prices.
As Stanley Druckenmiller said a while back: “buy the disruptors, sell the disrupted.” We’ll come back to this thought below.
The Buffett Indicator
Now that everybody has gotten a chance to read Warren Buffett’s annual letter, let’s take a look at his favorite valuation metric for the broader stock market: the ratio of total market cap and U.S. GDP.
Mislinski with Spano annotations
In that chart I stake out the “old normal” for valuations and a hypothetical “new normal” based on lower interest rates and looser monetary policy. In either reality, the stock market has a long way to fall. I would suggest that we should consider it might fall to the place where the old and new normals overlap. That would imply a 30-40% stock market correction is on the horizon.
What The Shiller PE Ratio Really Tells You
Many people criticize the Shiller PE ratio as unimportant or wrong. That is a juvenile misunderstanding of what the ratio is. It is not a short term oscillator or predictor of imminent stock market movements. Rather, it is an indicator of expected stock market returns on a normalized basis over the next 10 years based on the last 10 years earnings.
Because earnings move in cycles spanning rather long time frames, the Shiller PE ratio, though imperfect, is a good predictor of whether to expect big, small or middling stock market returns in the next decade.
It is not hard to see that investing during periods of low Shiller PE yielded better long-term returns than investing during periods of higher valuations.
Shiller also overlays interest rates and earnings. The patterns should give us pause. Return to the question I asked above: what if interest rates rise?
There is at least two very plausible scenarios over the next ten years that make rising or higher interest rates a strong possibility: Modern Monetary Theory or Helicopter Money – more on these soon.
What the Shiller PE is really telling people today is that the 2020s will be more like the 2000s than the 2010s.
SPY Quick Technicals
Currently, the S&P 500 is a bit oversold and running into minor support levels. This could cause a slight relief rally.
You will notice I am using a weekly chart. Why not daily? Simply put, I am not a day trader, I am more concerned with bigger market moves over longer time horizons. The weekly charts help me get the intermediate term time frame (6 months to two years) better in hand.
On the daily chart (not shown here) that most default to, the RSI is showing an oversold signal. On the weekly however, we can see that the S&P 500 has quite a bit of selling left to it before it is truly oversold.
We also see that money flows, as measured by Chaikin Money Flow, can fall quite a bit further as well. Look to the 4th quarter of 2018 for a hint as to what might be on the horizon.
Finally, MACD, a measure of momentum, is indicating a longer term downturn as it crosses over on the weekly time frame.
In February 2018, I covered How Low Can The Stock Market Go and about nailed it. The same story is playing out now in my opinion. I believe the December 2018 lows are in play for later this year, possibly lower.
Stop Buying The Dips, Sell The Rips
Buying the, relatively small, dips is no longer a viable strategy through the next significant stock market correction. Instead, investors with a forward outlook and some sense of valuation reality, will sell the rips in the short term, then wait to buy the big dips.
I believe that 2 or 3 times this coming decade we will see correction of larger scale. In the short-term, Coronavirus may have triggered a slight acceleration and potential deepening of what was already coming to a market near you soon. The economic impact is real and it could expand greatly. We simply do not know yet.
Also, don’t discount the impact of the coming election. At a minimum, it presents a case for uncertainty. Markets do not like uncertainty. Corporations have already slowed down capital investment which is not a good sign.
What if President Trump loses? The richest investors will want to lock in lower capital gains tax rates on highly appreciated assets by year-end. That could perpetuate a late 2018 style sell-off.
The bottom line is to sell the S&P 500 indexes, which are full of disrupted companies to begin with, on any rips. Then, wait to make new investments later, at lower valuations, in the companies and industries that are disrupting the economy and showing real growth.
We believe the 2020s are going to be more volatile than the easy money inspired 2010s. We also believe that many companies and industries will be significantly impacted by disruptive technology.
Disclosure: I/we have no positions in any stocks mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.
I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my own opinions. I am not receiving compensation for it (other than from Seeking Alpha). I have no business relationship with any company whose stock is mentioned in this article.
Additional disclosure: I own a Registered Investment Advisor, Bluemound Asset Management, LLC, but publish separately from that entity for self-directed investors. Any information, opinions, research or thoughts presented are not specific advice as I do not have full knowledge of your circumstances. All investors ought to take special care to consider risk, as all investments carry the potential for loss. Consulting an investment advisor might be in your best interest before proceeding on any trade or investment.